Acne skin

Acne skin

Acne skin is one of the most common skin conditions that affects adolescents and adults both in males and females. It causes spots and pimples typically on the face, shoulders, back, neck and chest.  It can leave you feeling with low self esteem and less confident in your own skin.

There are many different types of acne but most common may include spots that appear like whiteheads and blackheads, or more severe spots like cysts and nodules. Acne skin is not contagious or dangerous, however it may leave scars which is difficult to treat with home remedies and acne scarring creams, but there are many non-surgical and clinically effective ways to treat acne scarring.

Acne skin can be triggered by stress, hormones, diet and products, acne occurs within the sebaceous follicle by excessive skin cells, sebum, inflammation and presence of bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes).

What is Acne?

Acne is caused when oil (sebum) is produced from sebaceous glands and hair follicles within the skin, which are then blocked due to hormonal, and sometimes genetic, influences. The obstruction leads to an increase in bacteria, known as P.acne in the glands which become inflamed, causing blemishes such as black heads, spots and pimples to appear.

What causes Acne?

Although there are many factors that cause this common skin condition, most experts agree it is due to increased levels of an androgen hormone called testosterone, which happens during puberty. Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under your skin to grow. These enlarged glands produce more sebum, and the excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and both substances form a plug in the follicle. When this plugged follicle is close to your skin’s surface, it creates the whitehead or blackhead that you may experience.

Other factors may include:

  • Greasy cosmetics
  • Stress
  • Lack of good nutrition
  • Genetics
  • Some medications that contain androgen and lithium
  • Menstruation
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking

What does acne look like?

Acne can take varying forms. The following are the most common types:


White bumps or spots covered by a thin layer of skin.

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Dark bumps that rise to the skin surface.

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Small tender pink lumps, visible on the surface of the skin, which can be sensitive and painful.

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May appear white or yellow on top and red at the bottom, generally pus-filled. Popping your pustules can lead to acne scarring.

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Large, painful pimples that are embedded deep in your skin. They don’t generally contain pus but are hard to the touch.

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Painful, filled with pus, can cause scarring, and require professional medical treatment.

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Types of Acne Skin

There are many different types of acne, which makes a personalised treatment plan very important. We highly recommend booking a skin consultation, where our skin specialist will be able to diagnose the type of acne and grade its severity as either mild, moderate or severe in order to prescribe the correct products and treatment.

Acne Vulagris

Is very common acne skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is mainly caused by sensitivity to the testosterone hormone naturally present in male and females.

Steroid Acne

Steroid medication can lead to acne development, particularly anabolic steroids.

Acne Cosmetica

This is caused by poor skincare or using pore-blocking cosmetic products, which causes congestion in the skin’s pores and dead skin build up.

Acne Conglobata OR Nodulocystic Acne

This is a severe form of Acne Vulgaris (common acne), with infection deep under the surface of the skin and a high risk of severe scarring. Care should be taken to treat this acne as quickly as possible.

Excoriated Acne

This form of acne occurs when the sufferer has picked at the spots, sometimes subconsciously as a nervous reflex. It leads to a longer healing period and carries a greater risk of scarring.

Acne Mechanica

The spots appear in an irregular pattern, very unlike Acne Vulgaris. This shows that the skin has been exposed to a specific substance.

Acne Roseacea

This is different from adult acne. It is another inflammatory condition, where the skin appears very red and often covered in broken blood vessels, especially across the nose, forehead and cheeks.

Pyoderma Faciale

This rarer type of acne is characterised by sudden onset of pustules and nodules on red cheeks, chin and/or forehead, typically in young adult women.

Acne Fulimans

This is an uncommon yet severe, cystic form of acne that mostly affects males, and may by accompanied by fever and joint pain.

How can I prevent Acne?

Here are some tips you can follow to treat and minimise:

  • Wash your face regularly – Use an alcohol-free cleanser to remove excess oil, dirt, and sweat that you generate daily on your skin. Do it regularly, but no more than twice a day as, otherwise, it may make your acne worse.

  • Don’t pick or squeeze your spots – This can leave scars and spread spots. We touch our face up to 3000 times in one day, so even if you are not a picker then make sure you keep your hands clean at all times.

  • Limit your make-up. It’s tempting to use cosmetics to cover up your pimples, however, doing so may clog your pores and trigger outbreaks. Wear as little make-up as possible or wear mineral cosmetics instead. Avoid greasy, heavy foundation, and use products that are non-comedogenic, sheer, and fragrance-free.

  • Change your diet – Eating unhealthy food regularly can have a negative impact on your skin. For a more skin spot-free, avoid eating fast or junk food, dairy, white bread, processed breakfast cereals and white rice.

  • Limit sun exposure – Drying out your skin can lead to an excess of oil production to compensate the lack of hydration and this means you may end up with another breakout.

  • Exercise daily – Exercise regulates your hormone levels, delivers oxygen to your skin cells and carries your cellular waste away.

What food is good to eat to prevent acne?

Some skin-friendly food choices include:

  • Whole grains
  • Legumes
  • Unprocessed fruits like apricots, blueberries, tomatoes and red grapes.
  • Unprocessed vegetables like carrots, avocado, sweet potato, beetroot, spinach and other dark green and leafy vegetables.
  • Food containing mineral zinc, vitamins A and E and chemicals called antioxidants.
  • Quinoa
  • Turkey
  • Fish
  • Oat milk
  • Pumpkin seeds

Treatments for Acne Skin

Although there is no cure for acne, there are a number of specialised treatments available to help significantly reduce it. It is important for you to receive the correct diagnosis for your very individual acne so that you are best equipped to treat and control it.

pHformula Skin Resurfacing A.C

The unique combination of actives in the pHformula A.C. solutions were specifically formulated to correct the main acneic manifestations such as comedones, papules and pustules. It was designed to act on the 4 factors that trigger acne.

1. Seborrhoea
2. Hyperkeratinisation
3. Microbial colonisation (P acnes)
4. Inflammation

Ekseption Ferulic Peptide Peel

A gentle and superficial professional skin peel treatment to treat photo-ageing and ageing. The ferulic acid is combined with lactic acid for its keratolytic properties and multi-peptides to reduce signs of photoageing such as loose skin and wrinkles, promote even skin tone by reducing hyperpigmentation, and return skin to its natural brightness by stimulating cell replacement. The treatment can reduce sebum production and diminish pore size.

  • Photo-ageing.
  • Wrinkles and skin sagging.
  • Impurities.
  • Acne, black heads, open pores and oily skin.

Gluco Peel

The effect is very similar to that of typical AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids or fruit acids like glycolic or lactic acid), but as a type of polyhydroxy acid, gluconolactone is more beneficial due to further hydrating properties. Since it is a larger molecule, gluconolactone penetrates the skin slowly without burning it like the other chemical peels, it is perfect for even dry and hypersensitive skins.

  • Designed to restore the natural skin pH gradient.
  • Activate exfoliating enzymes to renew the skin gradually.
  • Increase the overall skin radiance.
  • Restore a high skin moisture.
  • Improves the skin radiance.
  • Acne (comedones, blackheads, whiteheads, acne, post-acne)
  • Hyperkeratosis (rough and thickened horny layer of skin)
  • Seborrhea (excessive oil secretion caused by a violation of the sebaceous glands)
  • Hypersensitive allergy-prone skin
  • Enlarged pores
  • Loose, sagging skin
  • Photo-ageing (skin ageing caused by excessive UV-radiation)


Xpert is a needle-free mesotherapy device that transports active fusion mesotherapy solutions directly into the skin cells.  A new approach of no-needle mesotherapy based on breakthrough systems and products. Fusion Meso XPERT offers all the advantages in non-invasive and painless skin rejuvenation: safety, efficiency, easy to operate, cost-effectiveness, immediate and long-lasting results.

If you would like further information please get in touch, alternatively book a consultation online.